All About Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) or chronic renal disease is a quiet but potentially deadly disease that is non-discriminating and can hit anyone at any time because of its affinity for months or even years unnoticed.  It often goes unchecked because the individual is unaware of the subtle symptoms of the illness until it’s too late and the kidneys are in end-stage renal disease (ESRD).  The renal disorder is characterized with a 90% reduction of kidney function – and once diagnosed, the sole remedy is kidney dialysis that is permanent or a kidney transplant.

Causes of CKD

The most common causes of CKD are diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis.  They contribute to 75 percent of cases of chronic kidney disease.

Symptoms of CKD

Chronic kidney disorder symptoms often mimic other illnesses like fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and the flu.  Feeling tired and weak, a loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping, difficulty concentrating, unexplained nausea and swelling in ankles and the feet are simply a couple of the symptoms of the disease.  Apart from a general feeling of being unwell, advanced kidney disease victims experience accelerated atherosclerosis, rapid bone loss (loss of phosphorus and calcium ), and therefore are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than the general populace.  Patients afflicted with kidney disease and disease tend to have prognoses than people suffering from the latter.

Risk factors

Risk factors for chronic kidney disease include high blood pressure, diabetes, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and having a close relative or relative with the disease.

What you can do

Self-vigilance and education are essential to keeping kidney health and maintaining chronic kidney disease in check.  Just a couple of the things that you can do in order to prevent kidney disease and keep your kidneys healthy is to invest in early detection – request a regular urinalysis and blood test through your family doctor (protein and serum creatinine could be discovered in early tests), and also work to reduce your cholesterol and triglyceride levels, because triglycerides are a fats and fat make kidney mobility more difficult.

You can be proactive and seek out qualified juvenile specialists at Dallas Nephrology Associates who, by analyzing your bloodstream, fluid (urine) and kidneys (x-rays, imaging, etc.), can advise and recommend alternative preventative remedies to keep your kidneys happy and healthy.

What Happens When You Get CKD?

Kidneys are a vital organ in the human body.  Waste and fluid are removed from the body by the 2 kidneys.  They also have several important functions.  They also rid the body of drugs and pollutants, regulate water and chemicals and release hormones.  These hormones help the body regulate blood pressure and make blood cells.

Chronic kidney disease is a condition wherein the kidneys stop working properly due to some sort of damage.  They stop filtering the blood and sicknesses may grow.  Eventually, they could shut down completely leaving just the options of dialysis or transplants.  Chronic kidney disease is diagnosed only if the kidney disease has continued for 3 weeks or longer.

The majority of the time chronic kidney disease is caused by one of two things: hypertension or diabetes.  Organs including the kidneys may be broken, when glucose levels are excessively large, as in diabetes.  High blood pressure, or hypertension, is caused by an excessive amount of stress on the blood vessels.  This causes difficulty.  On the other hand, chronic kidney disease can cause hypertension.

A few of the common signs of chronic kidney disease are swollen feet and ankles, fatigue, the need to urinate more often and trouble sleeping at night.  In the beginning, there are very few warning signals but symptoms increase in frequency and severity because the malady worsens.

Early detection is the key to managing chronic kidney disease.  Physicians use three examinations to diagnose this disease, blood pressure, serum creatinine, and urine albumin.  When it’s diagnosed early on it might be controlled by diet and other tiny changes in health habits.  Treatments like dialysis could be prevented or postponed if handled.

There are two kinds of dialysis available to treat this disease and there’s also a kidney transplant that’s an alternative.  Dialysis basically does the kidneys’ function, allowing the blood to be squeezed through and cleansed.  1 sort of dialysis uses a machine that runs the bloodstream through a filter to strip out impurities and excess fluids.  Another kind utilizes a membrane found to wash the blood.

If dialysis isn’t an option and there is a matching kidney donor, a transplant could be an alternative.  Normally, the original kidneys are left in place along with also a kidney is implanted.  The kidney donation might be out of a cadaver with blood and tissue types or a living donor.

Talk to your health care provider if you suspect you have or are likely to become a chronic kidney disease.  The sooner it is diagnosed the easier it is to manage.

Preventing Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease is 1 diabetes complication that is simple to ignore.  The body appears to be working fine and all works well.  So most do believe but the fact is what is considered is far from near.  For some time people are merrily alive their own lives, the sugar in the blood is doing its dirty job threatening the heart, nerves, eyes and the kidneys and destroying the body.

The good news is people can protect themselves from those invaders.  Researchers have been currently coming closer and closer to within spitting distance of a breakthrough.  They are currently making great improvements in understanding what place off diabetes issues and how to handle and prevent them from happening.

Maybe, knowing how chronic kidney disease occurs will direct the way for more effort to prevent it.  The kidneys are the body’s filter units that operate 24/7 eliminating these toxins and wastes the body makes or brings in.  They are so good at this task that it takes a very long time for the symptoms to arise when they become blocked.

Diabetes can damage this filtering system which makes the very small blood vessels unable to do their filtering occupation.  The impurities stay in the bloodstream when these are blocked and a few of the nutrients and proteins are lost in the urine.  That’s the reason why the physician assesses the urine to find out if the protein that is valuable is missing.

There is excellent news.  There are steps one can take to prevent this condition.  The vital thing an individual can do to prevent chronic kidney disease is to keep the blood sugar in check.  Some studies have shown that people who keep a tight blood sugar control can reduce this risk by up to 35 to 56%.

Another important thing you can do is to maintain the blood pressure under control.  The capillaries can be damaged by high blood pressure in the pancreas making them incapable to do their job.  The 2 things you can do to maintain the blood pressure within the target is to keep a healthy weight and to consume less salt.

With an advanced kidney disease and problem in lowering the blood pressure, the doctor may prescribe drugs.  A number of them may help in the preservation of the kidneys’ function.  Not all diabetics develop kidney disease and it’s more common among type 1 diabetics.

Treatment

Let us now go after treating chronic kidney disease.  The therapy will depend on the stage of the condition.  About five years following the diabetes diagnosis or even before this, get the physician and also do this once.  The test shouldn’t be just proteinuria but albuminuria.

During the early phase of chronic kidney disease, the treatment will involve tightening up of sugar level since this will cut the development of this condition in half.  High blood pressure has to be controlled also and a diet that’s low in both salt and protein to reduce the kidney’s workload is critical.  The doctor can prescribe drugs to lessen the blood pressure and slow the progress of the disease down.

For more advanced cases of chronic kidney disease, there is dialysis where the blood is channeled through a machine that removes the toxins in the blood.  A kidney transplant is also, but no one needs to get to this stage.  Since diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in the US and because there are no signs to provide an alert, it’s wise to acquire an annual evaluation for kidney issues and take action to prevent this condition.